acupuncture and moxibustion
Past and present status of acupuncture and moxibustion therapies
The theory of acupuncture and moxibustion therapies was introduced in ancient China in the 6th century. These therapies were popular until the end of the Edo period (1603–1868 AD).
Recently the World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recognized the therapeutic benefit of acupuncture and moxibustion therapies, which are now attracting attention across the world.
Pathological and treatment principles of acupuncture and moxibustion
Qi enhances the flow of blood and body fluids through the meridians. Qi, blood and body fluids, and the meridians are compared to locomotives, passenger cars, and the railways, respectively. If this human transportation system was impaired, people would experience pain or numbness at the injured site. For example, homeostatic failure of the qi and impairment of the blood and body fluid transport cause disorders and diseases. The acupuncture points are compared to stations.
The qi and the blood and body fluid system are stimulated from the acupuncture points to maintain homeostasis.